Wisdom teeth are third set of molars that are located in the back of your mouth and the last to erupt within the mouth. Wisdom teeth do not have to be removed if they align properly and gum tissue is healthy. However, that does not generally happen. The extraction of wisdom teeth becomes necessary when they are prevented from properly erupting within the mouth. They may partially emerge from the gum, grow sideways or even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. His impacts the teeth surrounding the wisdom teeth as they try to find a path that will allow them to erupt successfully.
The teeth impacted may be positioned poorly causing a lot of problems. If they erupt partially, the opening around the tooth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. As a result, there will be swelling, stiffness, pain and illness. The pressure from the erupting wisdom tooth may also move other teeth and disrupt the natural alignment of teeth. Removal of these wisdom teeth can resolve these problems. Early removal is recommended to avoid any future problems and to decrease any surgical risk involved with the extraction procedure.